Celiac disease, defined as a ‘chronic small intestinal immune-mediated enteropathy precipitated by exposure to dietary gluten in genetically predisposed individuals’, affects about one percent of the population but occasional ‘epidemics’ have been noticed along with a seasonal variation in number of cases diagnosed. 

Sweden has noticed an “epidemic” of celiac disease in children below two years of age but since celiac disease is considered multifactorial not much is known about potential risk- or protecting factors. But Swedish researchers now say repeated infections early in life increase the risk for getting it.

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